Owen Smith got election data from delayed project

Owen Smith has attempted to discredit Jeremy Corbyn’s claim that Labour was ahead in the polls until the attempts to oust him began – by using aggregated data from a voluntary project, which two years behind schedule.

In a debate with Jeremy Corbyn, Owen Smith quoted data from Britain Elects, which on their own website admit they are not as up-to-date as planned. It says on their website:

Our site, two years behind schedule, is currently under construction, but progress is being made! Slowly. It will hopefully be live within the next few months, although please don’t put that in your diary. If you wish to get in touch in the meantime, be it data, media or somesuch requests you can contact us on Twitter or throw us on email on queries@britainelects.com. We’ll aim to get back to you as soon as possible, but as we’re currently an entirely voluntary service, expect a delay by up to a few days.

Edward Parker, a supporter of Owen Smith, attempted to justify Owen Smith’s choice of data. “[I]t’s the average poll of polls, put together by Britain Elects,” he said. “[A]lso we haven’t been ahead in an opinion poll since April.

Owen Smith uses aggregated data from delayed project to attempt to discredit Jeremy Corbyn.
WHAT WAS STAT AGAIN?: Owen Smith uses aggregated data from delayed project to attempt to discredit Jeremy Corbyn. Courtesy: Obtained from britainelects.com

Jonathan Bishop, a Fellow of the Royal Statistical Society, says the method used by Britain Elects is suspect. “In simplest terms, a thousand flies does not make dog crap good,” he said. “Crocels Research predicted the Welsh Assembly results accurately by using a linear regression of the past performance of the parties when they contested elections against each other.
Aggregating different polls does nothing to help improve the statistical significance of the data, so if this is the only way Owen Smith can attempt to discredit Jeremy Corbyn then we should be asking whether his £200bn New Deal figures add up also.
At Crocels Base we have been looking into what Owen Smith has said in the past and what he is saying now, and whilst he has a good record of announcing big budget projects, he has never been in a position to actual implement them.

British and American scientists confirm Crocels research

Scientists in the USA and Great Britain, including those from University College London, Oxford University and MIT, have done research that confirms that done at Crocels.

In 2011, Crocels research first published on the existence of negative memories and how they can be modeled as emotions. Called ‘phantasies,’ Crocels has already developed technology that can transform ‘negative memories’ (or ‘anti-memories’) into ‘positive memories’ (or ‘pro-memories’)

Crocels research into quantifying the pre-frontal cortex has been enhanced by research into 'anti-memories.'
PRE-FRONTAL CORTEX: Crocels research into quantifying the pre-frontal cortex has been enhanced by research into ‘anti-memories.’ Courtesy: Database Center for Life Science

The research, published in the journal Neuron, calls negative memories ‘anti-memories,’ but like Crocels has found that they have an impact on the electrical activity in the brain, including in an inhibiting fashion.

The research, including researchers from University College London builds on that put forward at the university in 2013, at the  Implications of Research on the Neuroscience of Affect, Attachment, and Social Cognition Conference, which was held at UCL between 18th May and 19th May in 2013.

The new confirmatory study, by researchers at University College London, Oxford University and MIT, was published in the journal Neuron.

Cardiff University confirms Crocels research

Cardiff University researchers have confirmed through studying brain tissue research by Crocels into the cause of mental health conditions, known as Serotonergic Dopaminergic Asynchronicity.

Researchers investigated brain tissue to confirm Crocels findings that traumatic memories can be changed so that trauma caused by them can be suppressed.

Dr Kerrie Thomas
MIND-MAPPING: Dr Kerrie Thomas has confirmed Crocels research that it is possible to reduce the impact of traumatic memories. Courtesy: Cardiff University

Dr Kerrie Thomas is a Senior Lecturer at Cardiff University and suggests that the confirmation of Crocels’s research is important. “That would lead to better control of memories, better use of memories and then pathological behaviours that are associated with the memories are lessened effectively,” she said.

Crocels has developed a system, called MEDIAT, which allows for traumatic memories in the brain to be displayed using anthropomorphic avatars so it is possible to systematically reprogram them. The research was presented at the 13th International Conference on Bioinformatics and Computational Biology three years ago.

MIT Researchers confirm Crocels’s ADHD Hypothesis

Researchers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Massachusetts General Hospital have confirmed the findings of Crocels research linking ADHD to the prefrontal cortex.

The researchers confirmed the view of Crocels researcher, Jonathan Bishop, that the synchronicity of the prefrontal cortex in people with ADHD is different from those without the condition.

In their research, MIT confirmed that in those people who had outgrown ADHD, the synchronicity of their prefrontal cortex matched those without any apparent impairment. “Their brains now look like those of people who never had ADHD,” said Aaron Mattfeld, who is from MIT’s McGovern Institute for Brain Research.

Crocels’s Jonathan Bishop was excited by the findings. “At Crocels we have a long established finding that many disabilities labelled as social or cognitive impairments can often be put down to a suboptimal prefrontal cortex, causing a condition known as Serotonergic-Dopaminergic Asynchronicity, or SDA,” he said. “It is excellent that researchers at MIT have confirmed our findings that conditions like ADHD can be put down to poor synchronicity in the prefrontal cortex.”

The research by Crocels, entitled “The role of the prefrontal cortex in social orientation construction: A pilot study” was presented to the British Psychological Society’s Sustainable Well-Being Conference at Glyndwr University in Wrexham on 10 September 2011. It is accessible from Crocels’s website www.crocels.com by searching for the article’s title.

South Carolina researchers confirm Crocels research

Researchers at the Medical University of South Carolina have confirmed Crocels research that stimulation of the prefrontal cortex can deal with anti-social conditions such as nicotine addiction.

Dr Xingbao Li and Dr Karen Hartwell at the Medical University of South Carolina discovered that stimulating the prefrontal cortex can reduce addictive behaviours.”While this was only a temporary effect, it raises the possibility that repeated TMS sessions might ultimately be used to help smokers quit smoking,” said Xingbao Li, M.D., assistant professor in the Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences’ Brain Stimulation Laboratory. “TMS as used in this study is safe and is already FDA approved for treating depression. This finding opens the way for further exploration of the use of brain stimulation techniques in smoking cessation treatment.

CONFIRMED: Dr Karen Hartwell and Dr Xingbao Li confirm Crocels's research. Courtesy: Obtained from the Medical University of South Carolina's website.
CONFIRMED: Dr Karen Hartwell and Dr Xingbao Li confirm Crocels’s research. Courtesy: Obtained from the Medical University of South Carolina’s website.

Jonathan Bishop of Crocels said that he was pleased that Dr. Xingbao Li had confirmed the research of Crocels presented at the BPS Wellbeing Conference in Wrexham in 2011, the WorldComp conference in the USA in 2012, and the UCL Neuroscience Conference in London in 2013, but said the research of Crocels was more precise. “Dr Xingbao Li and Dr Karen Hartwell’s research is no more advanced than electroconvulsive therapy,” he said. “At Crocels we have devised a system called MEDIAT that can identify and treat anti-social behaviours that arise our of trauma induced obsessive-compulsive behaviour in the long term and not only the short term as with their research,” he said. “When someone experiences a trauma their brain creates what is called a ‘phantasy’ which blocks the flow of information to a specific part of the brain to prevent trauma induced damage, called a ‘bleasure,’ which most affects social functioning as a result of a sub-optimal prefrontal cortex.
Any life trauma can cause difficulties in terms of social interaction and addictions of any kind to dampen down the anxiety that results from recalling those traumas. 
Nicotine is once such substance for reducing the effect of trauma, but our research has shown that anything that can increase dopamine levels and reduce serotonin levels affecting the prefrontal cortex can be addictive and nicotine is no more special than any other habiting forming substance.

The study conducted by Dr Xingbao Li and Dr Karen Hartwell at the Medical University of South Carolina that confirms Crocels’s research is published in Biological Psychiatry.

Harvard scientists confirm Crocels findings

Research by the Centre for Research into Online Communities and E-Learning Systems has been confirmed by researchers at Harvard University.

Crocels research, linking the prefrontal cortex to emotions such as being ‘ruffled’ and ‘flustered’ were confirmed in a new study by Harvard scientists, published in published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science.

In 2011, Crocels scientists presented research entitled, ‘The role of the prefrontal cortex in social orientation construction: A pilot study,’ to the British Psychological Society’s Sustainable Well-Being Conference in Wrexham, making the links between specific emotions and the prefrontal cortex.

Psychological scientist and lead researcher Leah Somerville, describes the confirmatory research he conducted for Harvard into the role of the prefrontal cortex. “Our study identifies adolescence as a unique period of the lifespan in which self-conscious emotion, physiological reactivity, and activity in specific brain areas converge and peak in response to being evaluated by others,” he said. “Our findings suggest that being watched, and to some extent anticipating being watched, were sufficient to elicit self-conscious emotional responses at each level of measurement.”

Duke University Scientists confirm research findings

Researchers at Duke University studying neuroeconomics have found that feelings a person has about something and the value they put on it are calculated similarly in the prefrontal cortex. Their study confirms the findings of neuroeconomic and affective computing research conducted at Centre for Research into Online Communities and E-Learning Systems.

Scott Huettel, director of Duke’s Center for Interdisciplinary Decision Science, said scientists studying emotion and neuroeconomics had independently singled out this area of the brain in their research but neither group recognized that the other’s research was focused on it too.

Huettel’s research confirms that which was presented by a researcher at the Centre for Research into Online Communities and E-Learning Systems (Crocels) that was presented to a conference in Wales in 2011, following the filing of a patent in June 2010, which was awarded from April 2011.

In the research, ‘The role of the prefrontal cortex in social orientation construction: A pilot study,’ Crocels researcher Jonathan Bishop presented a neuroeconomic equation for calculating brain patterns in the prefrontal cortex.

Duke University student Amy Winecoff who led the study was buoyant about her research. “The neuroscience fits with your intuitive understanding,” she said. “Emotions appear to be relying on the same value system.

Bishop, who has been developing affective computing algorithms at Crocels for a number of years including as part of its patent said that Winecoff’s research adds nothing new to his prior art. “In 2012 I provided a definitive neuroeconomic model of how to calculate the activity in the prefrontal cortex to a WORLDCOMP conference, following the submission of our patent application” he said. “Researchers are way behind the times and I await the opportunity to see how much their publication in Journal of Neuroscience imitates what I did for Crocels.

In the Duke study, experimental subjects were first trained to do “reappraisal,” in which they could change their emotional response to a situation. “In reappraisal you reassess the meaning of an emotional stimulus, rather than trying to avoid the emotional stimulus or suppress your reaction to it,” Winecoff said. “We have kind of a skewed picture because this has only been done on the negative,” Winecoff said.

Bishop said his studies had no such limitations. “The research I did at Crocels considered a range of emotions identified by researchers at Cambridge University’s Autism Research Centre,” he said. “At Crocels we have been able to distinguish been those more positive emotions and the negative ones.
Our patent on this can in fact recognise at least 250,000 emotional states, of which around 40,000 can be calculated from the prefrontal cortex region alone.
“The research conducted by Duke University researchers on the prefrontal cortex region is primitive by comparison.

Huettel defended the research. “It’s not the case that you never want to reappraise a positive emotion,” he blasted. “But when buying a house or a car, it’s a good idea to dampen your infatuation down a bit.

Welsh Research Confirmed by Stanford Researchers

A team of researchers at Stanford University have confirmed the findings of Welsh research that the prefrontal cortex plays many roles in the functioning of human behaviour.

Led by Dr Melissa R. Warden, the research confirmed earlier findings of Swansea-based researcher Jonathan Bishop that the prefrontal cortex should be understood as being essential to encode all task-relevant aspects before directing a behavioral response to stimuli.

Bishop’s equation, which was presented to the British Psychological Society’s Wellbeing Conference in Wrexham in September 2011 identified a number of functions and cognitions of the prefrontal cortex. These included functions relating to problem-solving, empathy, working memory, self-control, deception and conscience. These functions rely on two types of cognition – interests and detachments – and manifest as emotions. The emotions are; impatient, restless, ruffled, flustered, pestered, distant, and devoted, loving, respectful, trusting, cherishing and affinity.

Melissa Warden’s research confirms Bishop’s view that the neurons in the prefrontal cortex have complex and diverse responses that can be simultaneously connected to multiple aspects of the task to help us respond in an appropriate way in these situations. Bishop and Warden believe this is important, because the prefrontal cortex receives inputs from all sensory neurons and directly connects them to the final motor response to the stimuli.

Melissa Warden explains “One prefrontal neuron might simultaneously encode both the stimulus (cell phone ring) as well as the situational context (don’t pick up while driving). Many single prefrontal neurons encode several aspects of the environment,” she said. “This property has been tricky for neurophysiologists to understand, since they usually study a neuron’s response to only one kind of stimulus, but it has become increasingly clear that this type of encoding is widespread”especially in higher association cortex like the prefrontal cortex of the human brain.

Dr. Warden and her colleagues confirmed the use computational methods by Bishop as a means to decipher and analyze information obtained from cognitive tasks in the brain – in their case two monkeys that were trained in a cognitive task. They confirmed that neuronal activity in the prefrontal cortex perform many functions, not just one, and that these mixed selectivity neurons seem to be a hallmark of the PFC and other brain structures involved in cognition.

Jonathan Bishop welcomed the research. “It is exciting to see that research on primates confirms many of the premises I held to be true, but which needed to be explored on a wider basis,” he said. “Nearly two years since I first presented by research on the role of the prefrontal cortex in social orientation construction, it is good to see other researchers taking my research that one step further.